Dating from 1860 is this miniature portrait signed "J. Hy. Brown 1860" for John Henry Brown. The year of 1860 is the same year that Brown painted his famous miniature portrait of Abraham Lincoln, see Abraham Lincoln by John Henry Brown
Brown charged $180 to paint this portrait of Mrs Cadwalader and $175 to paint a miniature portrait of Abraham Lincoln. This collector observes, a little wistfully, that the close parity of value in 1860 does not apply today! For an interesting site that discusses portraits of Lincoln see The Youngest Face of Abraham Lincoln? - Miniature Artists
The sitter in this miniature is identified on a tag as "Maria Charlotte Gouverneur m Thomas Cadwalader". Maria Charlotte Gouverneur (1801-1861) was the daughter of Nicholas Gouverneur and Hester Kortright. She married Major General Thomas Cadwalader (1795-1873) on Dec 27, 1831. Maria's aunt (i.e. her mother's sister) was married to President Monroe, so Maria was well connected. For reference to Maria's burial place see http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSln=Cadwalader& Maria and Thomas had five children, of whom Maria in the adjacent portrait was the youngest.
The detail of the lace in the painting of Maria is amazing. (If you click on the photo of the lace you will get a larger version.) The two Cadwalader portraits were acquired for this collection two years apart, and so it was nice to be able to reunite mother and daughter.
Brief details of Maria's husband are as follows; CADWALADER, Thomas, soldier, was born at Greenwood, near Trenton, N. J., Sept. 11, 1795; son of Lambert and Mary (McCall) Cadwalader. He graduated at Princeton in 1815 and studied law, but did not practise. He was appointed, June 2, 1830, deputy adjutant-general in the Hunterdon Brigade of the New Jersey militia, and on April 10, 1833, lieutenant-colonel and aid-de-camp to Governor Seeley. On July 30, 1842, he was commissioned brigadier-general and made Adjutant-General of New Jersey. In 1856 he was sent by the governor to Europe, to report on the firearms in use in the European countries. In March, 1858, he was brevetted major-general by the legislature. He died at Greenwood, N. J., Oct. 22, 1873.
Although it is not of Cadwalader himself, in the American 2 portion of this collection and also shown here, there is a miniature of a brigadier-general in a more recent militia uniform, but one can get some idea of what his uniform would have looked like. 802. 1176